IUD insertion and removal

There are two types of IUDs

What is an IUD?

An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small contraceptive device that is inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy.

What types of IUDs are there?

There are two types available in Australia being:

1. The Copper IUD (non hormonal)

A copper IUD is a small device made with a fine copper wire wrapped around a plastic frame that is inserted inside the uterus by a doctor. The copper IUD is toxic to the egg and sperm which stops sperm from fertilising the egg. It stops any fertilised egg from sticking to the wall of the uterus. They have no hormones and therefore have no effect on the normal female cycle but periods may become heavier when using a copper IUD. There are two versions of the Copper IUD they last between 5 – 10 years. It can be removed at any time.

2. The Hormonal IUD

The hormonal IUD (currently sold as the MirenaTM) is a small T-shaped device that is fitted inside the uterus (womb) over a 5 year timeframe, it slowly releases a very low dose of progestogen hormone into the uterus. Periods usually become lighter or may stop when using a hormonal IUD. The hormonal IUD is 99.8% effective. It can be removed at any time.

Are IUDs effective?

Both copper and hormonal IUDs are more than 99 per cent effective at preventing pregnancy, well tolerated and reversible.

How much do IUDs cost?

For Medicare Card holders: the cost of the procedure at East Ryde Family Medical Practice is approximately $250 out of pocket. Please contact the surgery for a breakdown of the costs. You will need to purchase the IUD separately from the pharmacy these range from $40 – $120. Your doctor will speak to you about which IUD is right for you and provide the relevant script.